This report documents various strategies adopted by community groups in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia and Nepal to negotiate women`s rights in the context of culture while anchoring strategies in specific local and national political and historical contexts. It examines secular strategies as well as more recent responses to fundamentalism, the use of cultural identity, and religious/cultural resources. These policies, which certainly use cultural resources, aim to combat not only discrimination on the basis of sex, but also the orthodox, elitist and masculine monopoly of cultural leadership. The report offers a rich account of initiatives that promote culture as relational, transformative, plural and accommodating to women`s rights, challenging the dominant static and fundamentalist demands of culture. Around the world, civil society empowerment programmes make an important contribution to ensuring access to justice and inclusive development. Whether it`s helping to navigate court processes or independent mediation services, civil society programs that engage community paralegals offer practical ways to seek rights and resolve disputes. Such programs expand the range of access to justice points, provide additional opportunities to raise government accountability, and improve the community`s knowledge of its rights, often at a scale and level of legitimacy in the community that is not readily available for government initiatives alone. The evidence base on the impact of programmes aimed at legally strengthening civil society is slowly growing. These programmes have been well evaluated in several countries, and the regulatory strengthening programmes themselves are becoming increasingly sophisticated in terms of management and evaluation. From 2014 to 2016, the Open Society Justice Initiative worked with the BRAC Human Rights and Legal Service Programme (BRAC HRLS), a major programme to strengthen legal policy in Bangladesh, to investigate what data from the BRAC HRLS programme might tell us. In 2007, the BRAC Human Rights and Legal Services (HRLS) programme held group discussions in four regions of Bangladesh to understand possible changes in the curriculum and schedule of the Human Rights and Legal Education (HRLE) course and to have a guideline for an effective HRLE course. The FGDs were conducted in the learner groups, programme organisers (POs), staff lawyers (SL), local community leaders (LLCs) of the HRLS programme and men`s groups. This report is based on the main findings of this EAR.
These results represent the importance of the different laws in the existing content, the reasons for this importance, the proposed schedule, the problems of the course and the recommendations proposed by different groups for the HRLE course. To give more importance to a particular content, the groups indicated the relevance of the content in their daily lives. The POs, SLs and Shebikas recommended the duration of the course for twelve days and reduced the hours assigned for each class. The problems faced by the course were mainly related to learners and shebikas, for example, less salary of shebikas, lack of incentives for learners, etc. Recommendations for a better HRLE course include improving the method of delivering the course, adding new laws, increasing the salary of shebikas, etc. Expanding the scope of legal services and advice on juvenile justice Objective of the internship This internship offers experience of the human rights and justice situation in Bangladesh, the opportunity to explore ideas, be innovative and the opportunity to be part of a change. The intern has access to primary data held by HRLS in the course of its activities in the judicial sector. It will enjoy the creative freedom to think about better alternatives and propose changes. They encourage the intern to challenge our assumptions about the people we serve, question our plans, and learn new perspectives together.
One would expect it to help us do our job better. This internship will encourage the intern to know a range of ideas. Marginalized people in our country receive legal assistance from BRAC`s legal aid sector. This sector receives two main types of complaints: the contribution of the mutual legal assistance sector to the fight against human rights violations is worth mentioning. The programme carries out activities such as legal education, provision of legal aid services through legal aid clinics that include an alternative dispute resolution mechanism (ADR), operational rescue assistance, legal advice and referrals, staff training and capacity building.