› How a change in attitude towards data sharing could accelerate the adoption of smart cities The pandemic seems to have caused people to rethink their attitudes towards sharing personal data, especially when it is used to manage public health and provide basic services. Can this change serve as a catalyst for smart city adoption? First, personal data, in a way, provides the atoms of the intelligent environment. It is then the basic particles that form smart cities. The data itself does not make the city smart, but it does provide the intelligence of the city. In other words, it provides the intelligence needed to make urban services smart and optimize transport, energy or water services. The opportunities are immense – in infrastructure, mobility, energy, healthcare and beyond. Innovative technological applications and their adoption in society offer a turning point. Change in all industries is inevitable over time, as the way we power cities, move around, and interact with them will change. The data protection debate is also at the heart of the future development of smart cities.
This is where the link between bottom-up initiatives and public policy becomes most important. The use of data, innovation and political will can improve not only transport services, but also the quality of urban life in a much more fundamental way and make the city truly smart. This publication is for your convenience and does not constitute legal advice. This publication is protected by copyright. © 2020 White & Case LLP Then, the dynamics of smart cities changed dramatically. The first smart cities emerged from an approach that could be described as planned or top-down – to push the nail a bit. The first smart cities were often new cities, organized by a central authority – political and administrative power – with private providers. The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, signed by President Joe Biden on November 15, 2021, differs from previous infrastructure investments not only in its size, but also in its focus on addressing persistent and longstanding racial injustice. This major investment comes at a time when smart city initiatives to use technology to better meet the needs of their occupants are becoming more common around the world. 4The third area of change concerns governance. There is great uncertainty about how the operation of smart cities will be regulated and, in particular, how public and private action interact. However, the governance of smart cities is also gradually being changed by the free flow of an increasing amount of information about their operations: this change is the seed of the transformation of relationships between governments, citizens and private organizations through some kind of potential reorientation of these relationships.
Finally, after a balance between default settings and personal consent, the third principle is the processing of aggregated data. This is to ensure the anonymity of the data. Justifications for open data allowing traffic between different services do not compromise the privacy of end-users. In other words, if data sharing is necessary, the data made available online must not harm citizens. The aim is therefore to guarantee the anonymity of the data from the outset and to ensure that the identity of individuals cannot be deduced from this. Let`s take the example of geolocation. Knowing a person`s geolocation data can help infer a number of things. Imagine if your employer could track your every move. For example, you might know right away if you`re looking for another job. It is precisely for this reason that the French Lemaire law mandated the CNIL to standardize the methods of anonymization of data in order to safeguard the legal framework.
a) The most obvious legal issues concern data law and digital technologies. While there is no universally accepted definition of a “smart” city or community, Dentons defines smart cities as: A smart city modernizes digital, physical and social infrastructure and integrates all essential services for the benefit of its citizens by leveraging advances in sustainable technology to make these services more efficient. useful, innovative and equitable. It starts with the specific needs and objectives of the city/municipality and then aims to meet these needs through advanced data analytics and the efficient and coordinated implementation of advanced telecommunications, sensor and camera technology, traffic control, LED street lighting, the use of electric and autonomous vehicles, smart health services, smart buildings and many other technologies and services. Smart cities also raise important issues related to consent to data collection and processing, prompting some commentators to argue for some form of blanket “prior consent” or even a radical abandonment of consent as the basis for data collection and processing. The more governments and local authorities rely on private sector funding for innovation, the more likely it is that those affected will receive less protection. How is the World Economic Forum improving the future of cities? David Ménascé: From the point of view of an actor like the CNIL, what are the main problems around smart cities? These principles do not hinder innovation. To use a driving metaphor, they are not a brake pedal, but a seat belt in the system.
Without the protection of individual freedom, the city would be merely mechanical, but by no means intelligent. This article provides an overview of the sustainability claims promised by smart cities, highlighting the challenges posed by the privatization of large data collections, the disclosure of personal data, and the reporting of citizens` data from a accountability perspective. The article concludes with some comments on the challenge of establishing accountability in the context of smart city governance. Several federal jurisdictions have adopted national broadband initiatives. High-speed connectivity for every American is essential, just as digital infrastructure is essential for smart cities. Federal government efforts, largely led by the Federal Communications Commission, have relied on policy, but the persistent and relatively poor state of broadband connectivity in the United States now speaks to the limitations of light politics. It is promising that the Biden administration`s recently proposed infrastructure bill – the American Jobs Plan – explicitly promises broadband for every American. Mobility: “Autotech, model sharing and data-driven applications are revolutionizing the way we move around cities.” — Tobias Heinrich, Partner, Frankfurt Infrastructure: “Infrastructure doesn`t have to be smart from the start.
It is possible to renovate what we already have, but it must be flexible to ensure sustainability. Caroline Miller-Smith, Partner, London Gigacities: “The vision of Saudi Arabia`s futuristic cities is incredible – from an oil-based economy to the creation of zero-emission smart technology hubs. The world will watch what is happening here. – Adam Pierson, Partner, Riyadh Rep. Suzan DelBene, D-Wash., and Rep. Yvette Clarke, D-N.Y., reintroduced the Smart Cities and Communities Act last month, proposing $1.1 billion in federal spending over five years to help interested local governments advance a smart city agenda. and coordinating resources. Of note is the focus on cybersecurity and the development of urban innovation capabilities.
Bringing together public and private institutions and integrating young technologies with legacy infrastructure into commercial partnerships and public-private joint ventures can create a challenging set of relationships. Multiple service and system providers may be involved in developing, testing, and implementing certain solutions, while connecting to existing infrastructure may result in the risk of potential gaps in legal liabilities. There are also many opportunities (outside of Brexit) to explore new procurement structures available, such as “innovation partnerships”, which aim to link universities, knowledge transfer and commercial benefits, private investment and public funding to create a scalable market for innovative technologies that are not currently available on the market.